Although on more than one occasion the Doberman has been classified as a highly dangerous breed and not recommended as a companion pet, only those who have lived closely with these dogs will be certain of the innumerable qualities that make this an incomparable friend.

  • Size: Large.
  • Weight: Between 30 and 40kg.
  • Hair type: Short, shiny, fine, and soft.
  • Character: Marked, loyal and protective personality.
  • Health: Very healthy
  • Life expectancy: More than 10 years.

With a somewhat curious history, a muscular and athletic appearance, and a reputation for being aggressive animals, these dogs have earned great recognition in society, for their repeated appearances on television as police dogs, among others.

But what makes them special is the loyalty and protection that they offer to those they consider their family, especially children, although due to their size and energy there must be constant supervision in the coexistence between them, there will not be a moment in which do not enjoy being with yours.

Do you want to know everything about this great friend? In this article, we will carry out an in-depth description of its characteristics, personality, health, the care it needs, and the history that surrounds the life of this popular canine breed.

Origin of the Doberman

The history of the Doberman, Dobermann, or simply ” Dob ” as it is fondly known, dates back to the 1880s, in a small area of ​​Germany called Apolda. The first specimen of these dogs originated from the Thuringian Shepherd dog named Schnuppe, belonging to Friedrich Louis Dobermann, from whom the name for the breed was inherited.

According to the theory, Friedrich, to find a loyal dog with a formidable appearance and size that would be appropriate to protect him in his work as a tax collector, began crossing different dogs. Until you get to the gray and brown Dobermans.

Breeds such as the Great Dane, the Beauce Shepherd, and mainly the Rottweiler, were the canines on which the cross that gave rise to this powerful canine breed was based, which explains its mysterious appearance and a touch of aggressiveness that it brings, in many cases. , fear and danger as the first expectation for those who see it.


It is one of the newest breeds in the canine world, however, it is also one of the most popular, due to its important appearance in different series and movies, especially those related to police officers.

As a watchdog, protector, and vigilant it is one of the most successful choices, not in vain, during the war, the German armies armed themselves with more than 6 thousand copies of these canines, which also have a great attention span and a fierce attitude.

Currently, the Doberman is not considered one of the best options for a companion dog. This is because his appearance has earned him a reputation for aggressiveness.

However, this aspect will depend largely on the education you receive. In this way, it can be one of the most loyal and helpful dogs to its owners.

Doberman Physical Characteristics

The perception of a guard dog is the first that comes to mind when we see a specimen of this breed, due to the appearance and bearing of this popular breed.

A muscular, athletically built, well-built dog. Robust, but at the same time outlined and elegant. An imposing security image is what is perceived at first sight by a Doberman.

With well-defined limbs, strong but not excessively thick, they are long and provide great agility and resistance to these canines.

doberman dog

Let’s see more details about the physical appearance of the Dob:

Weight and height of Doberman

His height is one of the details that echo his fame as an athletic and careful dog. It is a dog taller than it is wide, in the case of males, they can reach up to 70 centimeters in height. While females can reach around 65 centimeters in size.

The weight is also noticeable, although well distributed among the muscles of his body. The male averages between 35 to 40 kilograms. And the female, between 30 to 35 kilos.

Doberman Head

The Doberman’s head is medium, strong and proportional to its body, outlined, and with a protruding jaw. His nose is also medium, usually black.

His eyes are larger, oval in shape, black in color, and an expression of security and a bit of mystery.

The ears of these dogs are set high, long, and rectangular, always raised, giving the perception of always being alert.

Doberman Tail

Like the ears, the tail is another characteristic aspect of this breed. Well, before being punished by the Law, the amputation of these was common, to give an impression of ferocity to these canines.

Its tail is long, set high, and always elevated. Thick at the base and a little narrower towards the tip. It is covered by the black and short fur of these dogs.


The Doberman’s hair is, at all times, short, shiny, fine, and above all soft. A silkiness quite characteristic of the breed is what makes the coat of these dogs interesting.

Until now, the only accepted color is black, in combination with the tan color, which contrasts practically half of its body, especially in the face.


Affirming that it is a high-risk dog, or with high levels of aggressiveness in its temperament, is one of the most common mistakes made with this breed. Although he indeed has a very marked personality, we must reiterate that the behavior of the Doberman, like that of other canines, is influenced by the education they receive.

What can be highlighted about the personality of these dogs is their loyalty to their relatives, it is a protective dog that will not hesitate to protect the integrity of their family above anything else. We are also talking about a playful, affectionate dog that is very attached to its family group.

Although it is also independent and self-confident, which is why it requires the presence of a loving but determined owner, capable of giving it orders properly and guiding it in its day-to-day life.

These dogs are athletic, so they require adequate space to keep in constant movement. In addition, they are very hardworking and collaborative, therefore, they are ideal in field activities and outdoor life.